This is the second part in a two-part blog post by Deborah Walker. You’ll find the first part here: How to sell a lot of SF/F Short Story Reprints – Part 1. See the original on Deborah’s Blog here.
This is the second post on reprints. The first post can be found here. The take home message was more submissions will probably lead to more sales.
This post comes with the same proviso. Every writer is different. Your mileage will vary. And if you disagree with me, do feel free to comment, because I’m interested in different opinions.
So after having made 67 reprint sales this year. (Yes, it’s gone up from the last post). I thought I’d share my process with you. This is how I make my reprint sales, I hope you’ll find it interesting.
Selecting a Reprint Venue
Once you’ve found your reprint venue, you’ve got to make a decision where to submit to first. I think about these things when I’m deciding (and probably some more, which I’ve forgot):
- Speed* of editorial response
- Acceptance rate*
- Reprint rights requested
- Story illustration (I love, love, love someone illustrating my work)
- Whether or not you’ve sold there before
* You can sort a Grinder search for these three criteria
Some writers feel strongly about pay. I don’t mind what you do. I say do what you must to keep your writing life happy and motivated. I tend to like to get paid. Exceptions might be when it’s for a charity anthology, or for a friend, or there’s good art, or its a poem or micro work, or I feel like it. It’s your call.
But my pay for reprints has ranged from 0-7 cents per word or a set amount (f’instance $25 for any story length). 1 cent a word is what you might get paid if you get published in a anthology from a reputable publisher. Personally, I consider 3 cents and above to be a very good rate for reprints.
One criteria you will probably use, is your sense of how well your particular story will sell at a venue. If you’ve sold to that venue before, it means that the editor likes your work. So send them so more. Otherwise, I can offer no help.
I’m particularly bad at judging whether or not my stories will sell. A fact that I find peculiar. So I’ll say this. Of course, send appropriate material to appropriate venues. Don’t send high fantasy to a hard SF venue. But don’t self-reject.
If I see a themed anthology that accepts reprints, I’ll often spend some time looking through my list of available reprint and thinking really hard about what might fit. No kidding. It’s not always immediately obvious. I’ve certainly made sales for stories that I’ve had to think hard about before deciding it fits the theme.
It’s not unusual for a venue to state in their guidelines that they accept reprints but not to specify what kind of reprint rights they’re looking for.
When you get the contract the venue might have asked for:
- Exclusive reprint rights (meaning that you can’t sell the reprint again for a determined time)
- Non-exclusive reprint rights (meaning you can sell the reprint again immediately).
I’m often not in a position to sell exclusive reprint rights, because I’ll have sold these with the first sale (some venues take first rights and non-exclusive reprint rights so that they can produce an end of year anthology)
This has happened to me a few times. I’ve always written back to the editor, explained, and the contract has been amended in an amicable way.
How to Make a Reprint Sub
In the normal way. I prefer to write a very succinct cover letter. Don’t forget to add when and where the story was first published and that you own reprint rights.
Submission Strategy Suggestions
Some things you might find useful. Mileage will vary for some of these.
- Keep good records. I just keep lists in a Word document, but other people like databases
- Decide the number of reprint subs you want out, then never allow yourself to drop below that number.
- Make reprint submissions frequently, so that you don’t miss venues and so that you have to have a whole day subbing.
- Do your writing first. Make subs when your brain is firing on a less creative setting.
Here’s one I made earlier: ‘Sibyl’ in Fantastic Stories of the Imagination 2014
Deborah Walker grew up in the most English town in the country, but she soon high-tailed it down to London, where she now lives with her partner, Chris, and her two teenage children. Her stories have appeared in Fantastic Stories of the Imagination, Nature’s Futures, Lady Churchill’s Rosebud Wristlet and The Year’s Best SF 18 and have been translated into over a dozen languages.